Clear the territory: An effective way to ensure your child's safety is to consider from your child’s view;
This will help you find things, cupboards, drawers, or other places that your child might want to explore. You should store every potential poison or other harmful products including cleaning products, medicines, vitamins, and knives out of your child’s reach.
Keep small things such as buttons, coins or other tiny objects that your preschooler could choke on out of his/her reach.
Protect electrical points: A protective cover on electrical outlets is often considered good at home with small kids. But sooner than later, the little ones learn to pull out the little plug-in caps and it usually ends up in their mouth. Hence, it is better to replace regular electrical outlets with one’s that have a sliding safety latch. Keep all electrical apparatus such as extension cords, blender out of your little one’s reach.
Protection from furniture and fixtures: If possible all furniture such as bookcases, dressers should be fixed to the wall. This prevents the hazard of falling of the furniture on your child if your preschooler meddles with them. Things such as like televisions, music system should be kept on low height stands that are pushed back to the wall. Keep all heavy things in the bottom shelves/bottom drawers to make the furniture more stable.
All furniture with corners like those found on coffee tables should be covered with rubber cushions to lessen the impact if your child falls.
Use gates: Use of safety gates/doors is necessary for childproofing your house. These let you open outside doors for air, but keeps your child indoors. These can be put at all places that are potentially dangerous such as bathroom or kitchen.
Secure windows and doors: Secure doors and windows from the top or with locks to prevent your preschooler from opening them. Use windows stops with which you can open windows only about 4-5 inches. Install window guards which have iron bars no more than 4 inches apart. Have door stops, door holders on doors and door hinges to prevent injuries to your child’s hands and fingers. A child’s fingers and hands can get hurt or crushed in closing doors.
Prevent poisoning: All potentially poisonous things such as bug sprays, cleaning products, and medications should be stored in a cabinet out of your child’s reach, under lock. Do not throw outdated medications in the trash, without first securing them so your child can't get to them.
Prevent drowning: Small children can drown even in 2 inches of water. Tubs, toilets, and even bucket with little water in it are all potential hazards. It is important that you do not leave your preschooler without you, even for a minute in the bathroom. If you have to go outside to answer a phone or doorbell while bathing your child, take him or her along with you. Never let your little one go to the bathroom alone.
Prevent fires: If possible install smoke alarm in every room of the house. Keep matches, lighter out of your child’s reach.