Rosacea is a chronic skin condition similar to acne, but it also causes redness around the nose which may extend up to the forehead and neck. There is no cure for it and treatment helps only to control symptoms. Treatment and control of trigger factors can help to control the symptoms and improve the appearance of the skin, but you may continue to have intermittent flare-ups. Hence, it is important to know the possible measures to prevent rosacea.
- Avoid trigger factors. There are several factors that can aggravate the skin condition. Besides treatment; avoidance of trigger factors is needed to keep the condition under control. Some of the common trigger factors include:
- Hot drinks.
- Alcohol consumption.
- Highly spiced foods.
- Exposure to sunlight.
- Exposure to tremendous heat or cold.
Note when you have flare-ups as this can help you to identify the trigger factors using which you can take measures to avoid these trigger factors.
- Cleanse and moisturise your skin. For cleaning use a gentle skin cleanser and apply it with your fingertips on face. Do not rub, tug, scratch, or scrub your face. Use lukewarm water (avoid use of hot or cold water) to wash your face and then thoroughly dry your face. Apply a mild moisturiser if necessary.
- Know the content of your skin care products. Use only that kind of make-up, moisturisers, sunscreens, or other skin products on the face which does not contain alcohol or other irritating ingredients (hydroxyl-acids and tretinoin), as these can cause flare-ups in some people with rosacea. Avoid the use of toners, astringents, scrubs and skin care products that contain alcohol and acetone.
- Avoid excess exposure to sunlight. Over-exposure to sun can trigger rosacea. If you go out in the sun, apply sunscreen with protection against UVA and UVB rays all the time. Use a sunscreen with sun-protecting factor (SPF) of 15 or higher.
- Drink plenty of water as it helps to remove toxins from your body. Experts recommend daily intake of 64 ounces of water, but people with rosacea should have about 80-100 ounces of water daily. Drink cold water as it helps to cool down your body, and may reduce and control facial flushing.
- Relax and take a break. Stress is known to increase facial redness or flushing and may lead to the eruption of rosacea.
- Avoid bathing with cold or hot water. It is advisable to bathe using regulated temperatures of water. If possible avoid extreme cold and hot weather as well as they can result in rosacea breakouts.
If you have symptoms suggestive of rosacea, consult your doctor as proper treatment for the condition may prevent further rosacea eruptions.
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