Molar pregnancy is a rare complication of pregnancy that occurs as a result of some problem at the time of fertilisation. In molar pregnancy, the placenta or foetus do not develop properly or as they should.
In a normal pregnancy, the fertilised egg is made up of 23 of the mother’s chromosomes and 23 of the father’s chromosomes, but in a complete molar pregnancy, the egg does not contain any of the mother’s chromosomes, but only 23 of the father’s chromosomes, implying that there is no fetus or amniotic sac present in the womb. In molar pregnancy, the placenta is abnormal and it develops rapidly along with the presence of cysts, which grow in clusters like grapes and can be easily seen during an ultrasound.
A partial molar pregnancy, on the other hand, occurs when there are about 23 chromosomes from the mother and double the total chromosomes needed from the father, making it 69 chromosomes instead of the normal 46. A partial molar pregnancy can occur because the sperm tends to replicate itself once it is inside the egg. While in this kind of molar pregnancy, there will be some normal placental tissue amongst the abnormal cells and a developed embryo, the fetus or fetal cells may not be compatible with life, and may not therefore, survive for more than three months.
Although, there is no particular factor that predisposes a woman to have molar pregnancy, the risk has been seen to be higher in pregnant women who are younger than 20 years or older than 40 years. So, one of the biggest preventative measures that women can take against molar pregnancy is to avoid getting pregnant either before 20 or after 40.
Another way to prevent molar pregnancy is to seek regular prenatal care by a qualified health care professional so that any problem or complication in the pregnancy can be ruled out or identified as early as possible.
There is also some evidence that a lack of protein may cause molar pregnancies as can deficiencies in ovulation. So, to prevent the possibility of a molar pregnancy because of these factors, you can upgrade your intake of vitamin A as well as protein that is derived from animal sources.
Try to observe safe practices for sexual health so as to avoid contracting viral infections that can lead to molar pregnancy.
Try to follow a sensible diet even though there isn’t a direct relationship of diet to molar pregnancy.
If you have had a molar pregnancy, it is recommended that you avoid getting pregnant for at least a year, because the chances of experiencing another molar pregnancy before the completion of a year are high. After a year, the possibilities will be slim and it has been known that only about one to two percent of women go through another molar pregnancy.
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