Temporomandibular joint and muscle disorders, also known as TMJ disorder, affect the chewing muscles as well as joints that connect the lower jaw to the skull. Scientifically, there are two matching temporomandibular joints on either side of the head. These are located right in front of the ears. Even though the abbreviation TMJ really refers to the name of the joint, it is also medically used to imply any disorder or symptom of the particular region.
Most TMJ-related symptoms are caused by the different effects that physical stress has on the structures around the joints. These structures include:
• Muscles of the jaw, neck and face
• Cartilage disk at the joint
• Nearby ligaments, nerves and blood vessels.
Most home treatment methods for TMJ can also help in preventing it. Some of these steps include:
• avoiding eating chewing gum and other hard foods
• learning different relaxation techniques to reduce the overall stress as well as tension in the muscles
• ensuring that safety measures are taken to reduce risk of fractures as well as dislocations
• maintaining good posture, especially if you have to work all day at the computer. You must try to pause from time to time to change your posture/position, rest the hands as well as arms and relieve all the stressed muscles.
Read more articles on Dislocation of the TMJ.
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