A new study has revealed that high blood pressure risk in children and teenagers who are obese happens to be six times more than in those who are not obese. This study included 22,051 children and adolescents from the Prevention Education Programme, Family Heart Study.
Professor Peter Schwandt from the Ludwig Maximilians University in Germany said in a statement, "The prevalence of hypertension and obesityin children and adolescents is continuing to rise in most high and middle-income countries. Because adiposity is considered a driving force for cardiovascular disease, we examined whether elevated blood pressure was associated with body fat distribution in young people.”
In the research, the researchers had measured the blood pressure, body mass index which is also known as BMI, waist circumference, waist to height ratio, skinfold thickness and per cent body fat.
In the study, the diagnosis was basically based on several measurements across separate days, and estimations were repeated with the child being seated quietly for about 5 minutes. A cuff size was used for the arm in the correct position by the researchers.
It was found that among normal weight children and adolescents there was a risk of prehypertension, which was in fact quite high in youths who had an elevated BMI. This risk increased 1.6 fold more on children who were overweight and 2.4 in boys who were obese and further 1.8 fold in those who were overweight. It was found to be 3.3 fold higher in girls who were obese.
"We found that obese boys had a nearly six fold increased risk of hypertension compared to normal weight boys. In obese girls the risk was more than four times greater than their normal weight counterparts," Professor Schwandt said.
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