Reported cases of high blood pressure in children have been increasing exponentially over the years. The reasons behind shooting blood pressure in children include existing medical conditions such as diabetes, inappropriate food practices or lack of physical exercise.
[Read: High BP Essential Risk Factors]
High Blood Pressure in Adolescents
- According to kidshealth.org, about three per cent of kids are marred with high blood pressure.
- In new born babies, the condition of high blood pressure is a consequence of premature delivery, birth defects and kidney or heart problems.
- High blood pressure in growing children is also linked to childhood obesity.
- A family history of hypertension and an unhealthy lifestyle, which encompasses poor dietary choices, excess weight, stress and insufficient physical activity, may also lead to high blood pressure.
[Read:Handling Hypertension and Stress]
- If high blood pressure is ignored and left untreated, the consequences could damage the heart, brain, kidneys and eyes.
- Its timely administration and treatment can make a child healthy.
Administration of High Blood Pressure in Adolescents
- If root cause of hypertension is an illness, treatment of the same should be done to normalise blood pressure, though health experts still advise that the patient continue weight management, increase intake of fruits and vegetables, increase engagement in physical activities to manage blood pressure.
- Physicians do not prescribe medication for adolescents with mild hypertension. If lifestyle moderation does not bring improvement, medical prescriptions become necessary.
- Regular physical exercises and involvement in sports is encouraged for patients with hypertension. Physical exercises are proscribed only in an unusual situation of hypertension being very severe. Exercise regimen should resume after blood pressure is normalised with the help of medications.
[Read: Exercise and Fitness for Hypertension]
- If a child is undergoing weight-loss program, a health care provider should be consulted to review the regimen if blood pressure continues to rise. Intense training is not advised for adolescents with high blood pressure.
- Adolescents with high blood pressure should abstain from bad habits, such as smoking, which can render several long-term health complications.
Long-Term Consequences of High Blood Pressure
- Heart and arteries get overburdened in a patient with high blood pressure. Any dysfunction of heart or arteries may affect other organs and disrupt bodily functions.
- Risk of stroke, heart attack, kidney failure, loss of vision and atherosclerosis multiplies manifolds.
- Prolonged high blood pressure can cause frequent headaches, changes in vision, heart palpitations, nausea, dizziness and nosebleeds.
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