Hernia is a condition that occurs when the intestine slips through the abdominal wall, causing a visible bulge into the body cavity. The condition is more common in men than women and children.
Hernias often occur due to the excessive pressure on the openings in the abdominal region. There can be many hernia symptoms, based on the type and tissue affected. Usually, hernia appears as small chunks under the skin, about the size of a marble. Hernia is painless initially, but with time as the pressure on the internal walls increase, it turns out to be quite painful.
Hernia may produce a feeling of heaviness in the lower abdominal region. Below are some abdomen-related hernia symptoms in men.
A bulge in the groin or scrotum
A bulge in the groin may become evident over a period of weeks or months, or suddenly after you have been lifting heavy weights, coughing or laughing.
Groin discomfort or pain
Many hernias are painless, although they can cause discomfort in the groin, which is worse when you bend or lift.
Over time and usually when hernia isn't reduced or surgically pushed back into the abdomen, it can become strangulated. In this case, there may be a blood supply blockage to the gut region that can cause abdominal pain. The pain will be severe where the hernia is located.
Hernia, particularly a strangulated inguinal hernia, will give you constipation. Men may also notice blood in their bowel movements. On experiencing this, it is advised to call a doctor immediately.
Nausea and vomiting
Besides upset stomach and a severe ache in the abdomen, you may feel sick to your stomach. When you are nauseated and experiencing stomach ache, you will require immediate medical attention.
Hernia can make you feel as if the top of the stomach is pushed against the chest cavity. The condition can cause gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Contents of the stomach get pushed back up into the oesophagus, which sometimes irritates the oesophagus and results in heartburn.
Some hernias are asymptomatic; you may not figure out that you have one until your doctor discovers it during a routine medical check. However, you may sometimes see and feel the bulge created by the hernia (usually when you stand upright, cough, strain or laugh).
If you have a hernia and experience symptoms such as fever, nausea and vomiting, seek medical attention immediately. If you notice that the bulge is dark red or a purple in colour,, seeking medical attention becomes necessary. Symptoms like these suggest that the hernia has become incarcerated and can’t be worked back into the abdomen. When hernia is incarcerated, there is a greater chance that it could lead to a strangulated hernia which may affect blood flow to the small intestine.
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