Your Birth Control Options, How to Decide

By:Vasudha Bhat, Onlymyhealth Editorial Team,Date:May 15, 2014

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You must know about each birth control method before making a choice. Once you have measured all the pros and cons, you will be ready with your effectiveness chart which will help you decide the right birth control method for you.
  • 1

    Be Sure before Making a Choice

    There are a variety of birth control options available in the market and choosing the right may seem to be really difficult. But, when you are aware of all the pros and cons of each birth control option, there are no chances of you faltering. So, here is your perfect guide to choosing the best for you and by the time you finish reading these, you will be clear in your mind about which birth control measure to try.

    Image courtesy: Getty Images


  • 2

    Awareness about Fertility

    This is the most convenient way of birth control as it requires no medicines or devices. It only requires some calculations in order to prevent pregnancy. All you need to do is avoid having sex when the female is most fertile.

    Pros: The biggest advantage of adopting this technique is that it involves no medicines or devices hence, has no side-effects.

    Cons: 25% of the couples who adopt this method end up having unwanted pregnancy. This technique also may harm your sex life as it restricts you from having spontaneous sex.

    Image courtesy: Getty Images


  • 3


    This comes in the form of a cream, jelly, and foam and needs to be put inside the female sex organ 30 minutes before intercourse.

    Pros: It is very easy to use and is very pocket-friendly.

    Cons: May end up giving you STDs and 29% of the users got pregnant.

    Image courtesy: Getty Images


  • 4

    Male Condom

    It is the classic barrier method which restricts the sperms from entering the vagina. The latex condoms are also used to prevent STDs.

    Pros: Is very inexpensive and is available very easily.

    Cons: Its effectiveness depends on its usage, when not used correctly it may not work properly.

    Image courtesy: Getty Images


  • 5

    Female Condom

    Female condom is a plastic pouch which is placed inside the vagina. A ring placed at the end of the condom helps the user to place it at the desired position.

    Pros: Easily available and provides protection against STDs.

    Cons: Can make noise and cannot be re-used.

    Image courtesy: Getty Images


  • 6


    It is a dome shaped rubber which is put over the cervix before the intercourse. It is usually used with spermicide.

    Pros: Very inexpensive.

    Cons: It has to be placed by a doctor and provides no protection against STDs.

    Image courtesy: Getty Images


  • 7

    Cervical Cap

    It is the smaller version of a diaphragm. It is placed over the cervix which prevents the entry to the uterus.

    Pros: Does not move from its place for 48 hours and is very expensive.

    Cons: It cannot be used during periods and does not provide protection against STDs.

    Image courtesy:

  • 8

    Birth Control Sponge

    The sponge is made up of foam and has spermicide in it. It has to be placed before the cervix at least 24 hours before having sex. This can be placed at home without any supervision from the doctor.

    Pros: Effective and can be easily used at home.

    Cons: Cannot be used during periods and is very difficult to place it properly.

    Image courtesy: Getty Images


  • 9

    Birth Control Pills

    These pills contain the hormones estrogen and progestin which prevent ovulation. The pill needs to be taken regularly in order to prevent pregnancy completely.

    Pros: Periods become regular and lighter. No cramping takes place.

    Cons: Has side-effects like breast-tenderness, spotting, and blood clotting.

    Image courtesy: Getty Images


  • 10

    Birth Control Patch

    For women who are too busy to remember their dose of birth control pills can opt for birth control patch. The patch is worn and kept for 3 weeks and has to be changed only once a week. The patch contains same hormones as birth control pills.

    Pros: Helps to get rid of pills and gives lighter periods without any cramps.

    Cons: It is costly and may cause irritation on the skin. Also, it does not prevent from STDs.

    Image courtesy:

  • 11

    Vaginal Ring

    The soft ring is placed inside the vagina and it releases the same hormones as the birth control pills. It has to be replaced only once a month.

    Pros: Lighter periods and has to be replaced only once a month.

    Cons: Does not prevent STDs and may cause irritation in the vagina.

    Image courtesy: Getty Images


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