Artery and Vein Diseases to Avoid

By:Arka Roy Chowdhury, Onlymyhealth Editorial Team,Date:Aug 16, 2014

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It is important to understand the diseases that happen in the arteries and veins as they play some very important role in the human body. They can lead to something as fatal as a stroke too.
  • 1

    Understanding the Role of Veins and Arteries

    The diseases pertaining to your arteries and veins most often do not cause any symptoms, until it becomes potentially deadly. This as you can well understand can be dangerous. Arteries and veins are blood vessels present in your body, and are vital for the circulation of blood throughout your body. Arteries do their bit by pumping oxygen rich blood from your heart to the rest of your body and the veins return the blood in order to receive oxygen in the lungs. You should understand the types of artery and vein diseases you can have, so that you can work towards getting away from them.
    Image Courtesy: gettyimages.in

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    Vein: Deep Vein Thrombosis

    This is quite a common condition which occurs when a blood clot forms in a deep vein. This happens usually in the legs. You should get to know of any family history that you may have in regards to deep vein thrombosis so as to prevent its development.
    Image Courtesy: gettyimages.in

  • 3

    Artery: A Possible Stroke

    Here is a common term we hear from time to time. Strokes are most definitely the most deadly type of vascular disease which is a huge contributor of death. The cause of stroke usually is a clogged or ruptured artery which blocks the blood flow to the brain, and this then causes your brain cells to die. You should keep risk factors of stroke such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure, heart disease and diabetes under control.
    Image Courtesy: gettyimages.in

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    Vein: Pulmonary Embolism

    Pulmonary embolism is a serious disease which can prove to be deadly. It is a complication of deep vein thrombosis that occurs when blood clot in your body breaks off and then travels through the bloodstream to reach your lungs. Now due to pulmonary embolism the blood flow to your lung artery gets blocked and your lungs and also other organs could be damaged. This happens due to the low levels of oxygen in your blood. You could suffer from chest pain, and you could even cough up blood.
    Image Courtesy: gettyimages.in

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    Artery : Atherosclerosis

    This is again a common condition which is also called hardening of the arteries. This then affects the flow of oxygen rich blood to your body. This disease is dangerous as it causes plaque which accumulates inside the arteries and that restricts the blood flow. In the future the arteries could get blocked and this could cause problems like heart attack and stroke.
    Image Courtesy: gettyimages.in

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    Artery: Carotid Artery Disease

    This disease affects the two large arteries in the neck which can supply blood to your brain. This increases the chance of stroke, and carotid artery disease is also linked with atherosclerosis which causes the arteries to become narrow which happens due to plaque buildup. You should take medications as prescribed to you and follow a healthy lifestyle.
    Image Courtesy: gettyimages.in

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    Vein: Varicose Veins

    Varicose veins are swollen, purple veins which appear in women’s legs after pregnancy and as well as in men and women in general after the age of 40. This usually occurs when the blood pools in the veins because of the one way valve problem due to which the blood flows back to the heart. You need medical attention if this causes pain, swelling, burning or itching.
    Image Courtesy: gettyimages.in

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    Artery: Peripheral Artery Disease

    The Peripheral Artery Disease is also associated with atherosclerosis which becomes much more common with age. Peripheral Artery Disease the arteries are further from the heart and are usually located in the pelvis and the legs which get narrow due to plaque buildup. With a decrease in blood flow to the muscles to the muscles the pain and fatigue in legs may increase.
    Image Courtesy: gettyimages.in

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