10 Serious Diseases Childhood Vaccines can Prevent

By:Himanshu Sharma, Onlymyhealth Editorial Team,Date:Mar 16, 2015

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Childhood vaccination is reassurance for parents. Vaccinations, also referred to as immunizations, prepare the child's body against contracting serious health ailments and illnesses. Get to know about the children’s diseases that shots can prevent and keep children healthy.
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    Childhood Vaccines

    Childhood vaccination is reassurance for parents. Vaccinations, also referred to as immunizations, prepare the child's body against contracting serious health ailments and illnesses. Get to know about the children’s diseases that shots can prevent and keep children healthy.

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    Polio

    Polio or infantile paralysis is an infectious disease that is caused by the poliovirus. It starts with flu-like symptoms that last a few days, but can lead to brain infection, paralysis and even death.

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    Flu

    Flu is a viral infection of the nose, lungs and throat. When someone with flu coughs or sneezes, he can spread the droplets up to 6 feet away. Flu can worsen asthma and diabetes.

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    Whooping Cough (Pertussis)

    Whooping cough can be a life-threatening condition, particularly in those less than 1 year old. People can breathe in the pertussis bacteria when someone who has whooping cough coughs or sneezes.  The lung infection makes it hard to breathe due to severe coughing. It is important to get immunized for pertussis because it can lead to pneumonia and seizures.

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    Measles

    Measles is a highly contagious lung infection which can cause pneumonia, brain swelling, and can be life-threatening. You can get the measles virus when someone who has it coughs or sneezes.

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    Hepatitis B

    Hepatitis B is a virus that infects the liver, and is also the reason behind ‘Hepatitis B’. Those with hepatitis B have the virus in their blood and other bodily fluids. This medical condition can lead to liver cancer and liver diseases.

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    Tuberculosis (TB)

    Tuberculosis (TB) is a bacterial disease that usually attacks the lungs. The bacteria get into the air when someone with the disease coughs or sneezes, which can make other people breathe it in. Untreated tuberculosis can be life-threatening.

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    Tetanus

    Tetanus is a bacterial disease that causes breathing problems, muscle spasms, lockjaw, paralysis, and death. The bacterium causing the illness gets in the body through a cut or open sore.

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    Pneumococcal Disease

    Pneumococcal is a serious bacterial disease that can cause many types of illnesses, including pneumonia, ear and blood infections, and meningitis. You get the illness by coming in contact with an infected person’s mucus or saliva. When it infects the blood or causes meningitis, it can be life-threatening.

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    Meningococcal Disease

    Meningococcal disease can cause meningitis, an infection, swelling of the brain and spinal cord. The symptoms of the disease are fever, headache and stiff neck. It can also infect the blood.

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    Hib (Haemophilus Influenzae Type B)

    Haemophilus Influenzae Type B is a bacterial disease that infects the lungs (pneumonia), brain or spinal cord (meningitis), blood, bone, or joints. When a person with Hib bacteria coughs or sneezes, the bacteria spreads in the air. Hib is more likely to infect children because of their weak immune system.

    (Image:Getty)

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