Having haemorrhoids is a common problem in adults. Common symptoms of haemorrhoids include bleeding during bowel movements, itching, and rectal pain. Many other conditions such as anal fissures, anal fistulas, colon polyps, rectal prolapse, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and colon and rectal cancers can cause similar symptoms.
Call your doctor if you have one or more of the following symptoms suggestive of some serious medical condition:
If you have haemorrhoids, consult your doctor if:
Under 50 people with no family history of rectal and colon cancer, having occasional minimal rectal bleeding (bright red blood seen mainly on toilet paper) from haemorrhoids, may try lifestyle and diet modifications for a week or two.
But if you want to wait before consulting your doctor, make sure of the following about your bleeding:
Most cases with mild bleeding because of haemorrhoids improve in 2-3 days. You may continue lifestyle and diet modifications to prevent bleeding from starting again. Consult your doctor if:
A person older than 50 years of age with a family history of colon cancer, or any other risk factor for colon cancer should consult a doctor even if the cause seems obvious to be haemorrhoids.
Who to consult
Some health professionals who can be consulted to evaluate and treat haemorrhoids include:
If you need medications or surgery, you may be referred to:
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