Reports indicate that HIV rate in Mumbai and Maharashtra has decreased in comparison to the past few years. The Mumbai District Aids Control Division has released statistics of the past four years, which say there is greater awareness among people about AIDS and its harmful effects.
The reason why HIV rates have fallen is because of the increase in the use of condoms and their availability has increased significantly among high- risk groups like sex workers and transgenders. Even though the number of new HIV infections is decreasing, there are two new HIV infections for every person starting HIV treatment. Investments in HIV prevention programmes as whole have not been adequate or efficiently allocated. The report found that more people are living longer and AIDS-related deaths are declining as access to treatment has expanded.
Daisy Gangurde, director of Alert India, the NGO working for HIV-AIDS informs, "Though there are reports stating that HIV rates have fallen down, I think the HIV rate is still the same with the high risk affected for the past few years."
Below are the given figures:
Year HIV Test Test Positive Percentage
2005 99,392 92,904 92.98
2006 1,35,454 14,979 10.46
2007 1,73,016 18,425 10.67
2008 1,60,499 96,783 10.46
2009 1.93,275 16,016 8.29
2010 (Oct) 1,87,967 13,226 7.04
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