Food Posisoning is a foodborne illness that occur after the consumption of contaminated food containing bacteria, viruses, and parasites. Nausea, vomiting, general weakness, abdominal pain, cramping, diarrhea and fever are the main symptoms of food poisoning. The main complication associated with food poisoning is dehyration as large amounts of fluids are lost through vomiting and diarrhea, hence the treatment of food poisoning focuses on prevention of dehydration. Though food poisoning is a common illness but at times it can be become deadly illness. People with severe food poisoning may need to be admitted to a hospital.
While nations across the globe roll up their sleeves to save mankind from the outbreak of listeria infection, you must learn everything about it to contribute your bit by protecting yourself.
Food poisoning is a medical condition caused by ingestion of food or water that contains bacteria, parasites, viruses, or toxins made by these germs. Most people with food poisoning develop symptoms within a few hours of eating the food. Symptoms subside in 2-3 days in most cases with supportive care such as fluids and medications for vomiting.
Food poisoning in most cases is a self limiting illness which improves in a few days. However, it can become a serious and potentially life threatening illness. Consult a doctor for food poisoning if your symptoms last for more than a few days, you have severe symptoms (such as blood in stool, high fever, recurrent vomiting, or signs of dehydration) or there are neurological symptoms (difficulty in speaking, trouble in swallowing, double vision, muscle weakness).
Most cases of food poisoning are not serious. Patients start to feel better within 24 to 48 hours after getting fluid replacement and medications (as needed). Dehydration is commonest complication and can occur in any type of food poisoning. Some serious complications of food poisoning include arthritis, bleeding problems, pericarditis, damage to the nervous system, kidney problems and even death.
Food poisoning can be a self limiting condition and may resolve in a few days. Most people can be treated at home with oral rehydration solution and medications such as pain relieving pills. Fever medication may help to ease symptoms. Antibiotics may be needed for severe infection caused by bacteria. People with severe symptoms may need hospital admission for fluid replacement and IV (intravenous) antibiotics.
Food poisoning is diagnosed clinically and the doctor usually does not recommend any tests if the symptoms are mild to moderate. Tests are usually done in people with severe symptoms, or if the symptoms do not improve in a few days. Some tests which may be done include stool tests and blood tests.
Symptoms of Food Poisoning - NauseSigns and symptoms of food poisoning may develop after a few hours to many days after eating contaminated food. Common symptoms of food poisoning are nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, stomach cramps and pain, loss of appetite, fever and muscle pain.a, vomiting, weakness, abdominal pain, cramping, diarrhea and fever are the major symptoms of food poisoning.
Food poisoning can be prevented by the four Cs:
Food poisoning in most cases is not serious, and the symptoms improve in 24-48 hours. If complications develop, the illness may have a longer course. In some infections such as that of Hepatitis A virus, symptoms may last for about two months and possibly up to six months. Food poisoning because of toxins can have a more prolonged course.
Food Poisoning Signs and Symptoms- Vomiting, nausea and fever are the common signs of food poisoning. Depending on the kind of infection the symptoms may vary from one individual to another.