While children can get arthritis just like adults, growing up with arthritis is what makes juvenile arthritis more challenging for the patient. However, few skilled rheumatology professionals can make most children suffering from arthritis live their lives fully and actively.
There are various types of childhood arthritis which can last from several months to many years. In each type, an early diagnosis can treat or prevent damage to the joint.
Juvenile arthritis is usually an autoimmune disorder. The immune system in our body is responsible for fighting foreign bodies, like bacteria and viruses that can be harmful. But, when a person suffers from autoimmune disorder, the immune system attacks some of the healthy cells and tissues of the body. An established cause behind this is yet to be established though. It is believed that development of arthritis in children is a two-step process.
The most common of all signs and symptoms in juvenile arthritis is swelling in the joint, pain and stiffness which persists for a long time. The condition usually affects body parts like knees, hands and feet and the symptoms get worse in the morning or after you wake up from a nap. There are few other symptoms like:
In some children, arthritis can be the cause of inflammation and growth problems. It can also make the bones and joints to grow unevenly.
Health care providers who treat children with juvenile arthritis make sure that the child remains physically active. Besides, it is also made sure that the child stays involved in social activities and has a good quality of life overall. The treatments prescribed to a child usually aims at reducing the swelling, maintaining joint movement and relieving the pain. The doctors also make an attempt to prevent, treat and identify the causes of arthritis. In some cases a combination of treatments which include drugs is needed while in some cases it is not required.
Diagnosing and treating the condition at an early stage can save your child from growing up with a painful disease.
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