Prostate cancer, which is common in older men, begins from a gland in the male reproductive system. This gland is positioned below the bladder and in front of the rectum and is responsible to produce a fluid that protects and nourishes sperm cells in semen. It is this fluid that makes semen more liquid.
There are innumerable kinds of cells in the prostate, but prostate cancer begins and manifests on the gland cells. Prostate cancer is usually referred to as adenocarcinoma, though it is one of its types. Among rare prostate cancer types are sarcomas, small cell carcinomas and transitional cell carcinomas.
Facts about Prostate Cancer
- Most of the prostate cancers grow slowly, but in rare cases, they may spread quickly.
- Prostate cancer usually develops after the age of 40 years.
- The causes of prostate cancer are dietary, environmental and heredity factors.
- Medications may help in the prevention of prostate cancer if it is identified during the early phase.
- Prostate cancer can be treated by surgery, radiation therapy and hormone therapy.
- Cancer that spreads beyond prostate to the distant tissues of bones, lymph nodes and lungs is not curable, though, the condition can be monitored for many years.
- By the age of 80, most men develop some form of cancer in their prostate.
- The chances of developing prostate cancer become more if men have a family history of the syndrome.
- Men consuming large amounts of fat, especially from meat sources such as red meat and other animal fat are highly likely to develop prostate cancer.
- Cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli, cauliflower and cabbage along with tomato soup reduce the risk of prostate cancer.
- Chemoprevention with drugs such as finasteride and dusateride prevents development of prostate cancer.
- Men marred by prostate cancer, who are already undergoing cancer treatment, face the difficult challenge of restricting the development of aggressive prostate cancer.
Prostate Cancer Statistics (Courtesy - National Cancer Institute)
- Four out of five cases of prostate cancer are of men over 65, though only 1 percent of men, who have been diagnosed, are below 50.
- It is estimated that in 2012, about 241,740 men will be identified with prostate cancer.
- 28,170 men will die of cancer of the prostate in 2012.
- The likelihood of prostate cancer development is highest in the age group of 65-74 years.
- The age-incidence rate of prostate cancer is 154.8 per 100,000 men per year.
- After diagnosis, over 80 percent of patients recover from the condition of prostate cancer.
Read more articles on Cancer