The abnormal growth of cells in the kidney tissue causes kidney cancer. These cells go on to form a mass called tumour. To understand the importance of kidneys, it is important to have a look at the functions that they perform and their structure.
Kidneys are the shape of a bean located below the ribcage and close to the middle of your back. Its size is about that of your fist and we have two kidneys on each side of the spine. Kidneys perform the functions of maintaining fluid balance, removing waste products, controlling blood pressure and produce the hormones that make the bones strong.
Kidney cancer begins when a change is triggered in the cells, and they divide out of control. One can understand kidney cancers better by knowing about their types:
Some common symptoms of kidney cancer include:
Kidney cancer has four stages with varying survival rates. In the first stage, the tumour size is less than 7 cm in dimension and the patient’s survival rate is the highest, i.e. 95 percent. The tumour size keeps on increasing in the subsequent stages and the respective survival rates or the second, third and fourth stages are 88 percent, 50 percent and 20 percent.
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