The eye is the most vital parts of the human system. It is, thus, extremely important to take good care of them and protect them from allergens of various sorts.
Red, itchy eyes are the signs that indicate you may be suffering from an eye allergy. These may sometimes cause significant discomfort, irritation in the eyes and often interrupt daily activities with annoying symptoms. Eye allergies are categorised in two types broadly – seasonal allergic conjunctivitis (SAC) and perennial allergic conjunctivitis (PAC).
Seasonal allergic conjunctivitis is more common, which affect people during certain seasons of the year. On the other hand, perennial allergic conjunctivitis is caused by allergens such as dust, pet dander or other allergens. The allergies of eye usually affect the conjunctiva, the part that covers the front part of the eyeball. In addition to the eyes, allergens can trigger an allergic response in the nasal area. This is the reason for people with nasal allergies suffering from eye allergies.
There a several treatment options for eye allergies. All of the treatment approaches try to minimise exposure to the allergens that are triggering the allergic response.
Wash with water – Since eye allergy might be caused due to numerous factors, it is advisable, first and foremost, to wash the infected eyes with clean water. This helps to wash away the allergen from the eye. Also, the allergen particle may get diluted in during the wash.
Cold compresses – A similar method of treatment consists of applying cold compressed packs over the affected eye. The process helps to cool down the eyes and thus prove soothing to the patient.
Over-the-counter drugs –Nowadays, a lot of over the counter medicated eye drops are available, containing certain chemicals, even herbs that treat such infections in a great way. Over-the-counter artificial tears, decongestants and antihistamines can help relieve short-term symptoms. These help flush the allergens out of the eyes. Moreover, decongestant eyedrops help alleviate eye redness.
If you are allergic to pollen, you must consider staying indoors when pollen counts are high or wearing sunglasses to prevent pollens from entering the eyes. Also, try avoiding irritants such as cigarette smoke, air pollution and strong odours. Don’t wear contact lenses as long allergy symptoms are present, as symptoms can cause discomfort with contact lenses.
The most important way to curb allergy is to protect the eye from areas where the allergen is prevalent. A person who is sensitive to an allergen should try to keep away from the certain allergen they are allergic to.
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