After Ebola’s outbreak in the United States last month, the entire nation has geared up to fight the epidemic. The outbreak centered in West Africa has many reasons to give nationals of any country a run for their lives. Becoming the largest outbreak ever, the epidemic has claimed thousands of lives and is still spreading its reach.
The virus which had already claimed many lives in West Africa was found to have reached the United States on September 30, 2014. In response to the outbreak of one of the most deadly diseases in the history, the public health officials are working hard in West Africa to contain the disease and prevent its spread.
Meanwhile, the researchers around the world are trying to develop ways to treat and prevent Ebola.
No matter how much scare the virus creates, staying aware can keep you protected. Here we give you some quick facts about Ebola which may help you ease your fears.
As on October 10, 2014 the countries of Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia were reported to have 8,376 cases of Ebola according to the World Health Organization. Additional 24 cases were reported in the countries of Nigeria, Senegal, Spain and United States and 71 cases on the Democratic Republic of Congo.
As the outbreak is most intense in these West African regions, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have issued advises against ``nonessential’’ travel to these countries.
The five major international airports in the US have installed screenings for patients travelling from Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone for fever and Ebola virus.
The epidemic is a result of RNA (ribonucleic acid) virus which infects wild animals like fruit bats, gorillas and chimpanzees. Coming in contact of an infected animal’s blood or body fluids is believed to be the source of infectious disease.
The early symptoms of Ebola include fever, headache, body aches, cough, stomach pain, vomiting and diarrhea. These symptoms could be of other diseases as well which makes it different to indentify Ebola at early stages.
The later symptoms of Ebola appear within few days of the early symptoms. As internal and external bleeding takes place, the eyes of the patient become red and they start vomiting blood or have bloody diarrhea.
Almost half of the cases of Ebola virus infection in West Africa have led to death, as per WHO data. Out of the 8,400 cases reported of the current outbreak, 4,033 people died.
According to a report by National Institutes of Health, vaccines in development to fight Ebola have been effective in preventing the infection only in animal studies.
Being up to date about the spread of deadly virus can help you and your near ones stay protected.
Image courtesy: dailymail.co.uk
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