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Difference between Malaria and Typhoid Fever

By  ,  Onlymyhealth editorial team
Apr 24, 2012
4.8 / 5(4 Ratings)

Difference between Malaria and Typhoid Fever

Malaria and typhoid fever are diseases which are often confused with each other.

  • This could be primarily because both are caused by parasites and are sometimes known to exhibit similar symptoms.
  • In addition, if not treated adequately in time, typhoid and malaria are often known to assume fatal proportions. 
  • Both can be responsible for several health related complications with lifetime repercussions, which can be causes of grave concern.

However, according to medical experts, the chances of death are higher when you are affected by a serious malaria strain when compared to those afflicted with typhoid. Early detection is mandatory in both, though.

 

How to Distinguish Typhoid Fever from Malaria

 

The best way to distinguish between the two diseases is to categorise the correlations they have.

  • The causes of both diseases are totally different. Whereas mosquitoes are responsible for malaria, typhoid is caused by the salmonella typhi bacteria. However, there is one common factor between the two. Salmonella typhi is known to breed in dirty water and unhealthy conditions which are prevalent in developing third world nations. Coincidentally, most of these countries lie in the tropical regions which are ideal conditions for the breeding of mosquitoes as well.
  • The symptoms of both these diseases also do vary to a certain extent. Mostly, a malaria infection will manifest itself through chills, fevers, nausea, vomiting and sometimes even diarrhoea. However, the symptoms of typhoid may be different at various stages of the disease. The initial stages of the disease are manifested through stomach pain, skin rashes, extreme muscle weakness and fatigue along with high fever. As the illness progresses, patients may witness stomach distension and further weight loss. The third and the final stage can see complete lack of body motion. Sometimes, the patient might also enter a delirious phase.
  • Most often, the diagnosis of malaria is considered to be far simpler than that of typhoid. A simple blood test is enough to decide whether the person is suffering from malarial infection or not. However, in order to detect the presence of salmonella typhi, doctors have to test the blood, stool, urine as well as bone marrow of the patient in question. The samples need to be stored in a controlled environment for about 48-72 hours, before the presence of salmonella typhi can be detected.
  • The cure is different too. A malaria infection will require antimalarial drugs whereas antibiotics are used to treat typhoid. Typhoid is also adequately treated by administering fluids, a high nutrition diet and sometimes even through intravenous nutrition.

 

These are some of the basic differences between these two killer diseases. However, should you be experiencing similar or near similar symptoms, seek medical assistance immediately.

 

Read more articles on Malaria

 

 

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    Comments
    • sidharth kumar02 Sep 2015
      sir i did my blood test which shows I am suffering from tyophoid widal test positive and malariya negative.tyophid wil come in report if fever is 6 days old. Fever is 6 day old .and i feel chilled,weekness in body, temreture is also about 102 degree farnahte.when i took medicin of Dr. I got swets and tempreture comes down but AFTER SOME TIME again tempreture incresed.pls suggest and help me.
    • marvel hanum08 Dec 2012
      I've got pians in my joints, dry cough, fever, slight headache, and tiredness. Could this be typhoid/malaria?
    • Ritvij Sharma28 Sep 2012
      sir i did my blood test which shows I am suffering from tyophoid vivid positive and malariya negative.but when i consult to Dr he said no it is malariya only.tyophid wil come in report if fever is 5 days old. Fever is 4 day old .and i feel chilled,weekness in body, temreture is also about 102 degree farnahte.when i took medicin of Dr. I got swets and tempreture comes down but AFTER SOME TIME again tempreture incresed.pls suggest and help me.
    • om01 Sep 2012
      nice tips
    • rohit01 Sep 2012
      good information about Malaria and Typhoid Fever
    • nwankwo fidelis m.11 Aug 2012
      the introduction and relationship that exist in maleria and typhoid fever.
    • Abdul Noor24 Jul 2012
      I live in tropical climate in Africa and have been diagnosed of typhoid on and off for the last 10 years. i get sleepless, stomach pain, mild fever, joint pains. At the moment i am taking ciprofloxacin 500mg 1 x 2 daily and have always been given antibiotics for the same.kindly help me out as i am sick of always going for the same tests. none of my family gets this illness. i am clean and observe hygiene at the highest level.
    • Lynn10 Jul 2012
      i am not sure i have malaria. awaiting blood test results. is malaria contagious. i have a daughter that is pregnant 6 months
    • john10 May 2012
      good day. Am john. I have been having tyhoid & malaria as confirmed by doctors for a very long time now (5-6 yrs). I used to have severe waist pain, joint pain, sometimes internal heat and headache. This disturb my sleep well. After taking d prescribe drugs from doctors i will still feel the same. What do i do now.