Be Aware, Be Safe:Dengue Vs Chikungunya

By  ,  Onlymyhealth editorial team
Jan 05, 2012

Subscribe for daily wellness inspiration

Like onlymyhealth on Facebook!

Quick Bites

  • Dengue can be caused by any of four serotypes of dengue virus namely, DENV 1, DENV 2, DENV 3 and DENV 4.
  • Chikungunya is cause by infection of chikungunya virus (CHIKV).
  • In the case of chikungunya, the symptoms appear in a week’s time.
  • Time taken for the onset of dengue is three to four days.


Difference between Dengue and Chikungunya

Dengue and chikungunya are mosquito borne diseases that are caused by viral infection. The symptoms of both the diseases seem to be quite common but a little awareness can be helpful in knowing the difference between dengue and chikungunya.

Cause of Disease

Responsible vector

Dengue is caused by Aedes Agypti mosquito and the vectors of chikungunya are Aedes Aegypti and Aedes Albopictus mosquitoes.
Chikungunya is cause by infection of chikungunya virus (CHIKV) whereas dengue can be caused by any of four serotypes of dengue virus namely, DENV 1, DENV 2, DENV 3 and DENV 4.

Incubation period

When a dengue infected mosquito bites a person, the time taken for the onset of the disease is three to four days whereas in the case of chikungunya the symptoms appear in a week’s time after the infected mosquito bites the victim.


Dengue is characterised by the abrupt onset of high fever, pain behind the eyes, severe headache, muscle, joint pains, vomiting, nausea and skin rashes. Bleeding is also common in the cases of dengue haemorrhagic fever. The symptoms of chikungunya include fever, chills, nausea, headaches and arthiritis (joint pain) in some of the cases. Unlike dengue there is no bleeding or shock reported in chikungunya.


The diagnosis of dengue is done by the following ways:

  • Primary infection is detected by testing antibodies of immunoglobulin M (IgM) and immunoglobulin G (IgG).
  • Testing for the platelets count.
  • Checking the count of white blood cells.

Chikunguniya is diagnosed by virus isolation test, antibody testing of IgM as well as by genetic identification of virus gene structures. Detection of either C or E1 genome indicates positive result, similarly increased antibody also marks presence of chikungunya virus.


Read more articles on Understand Dengue.



Write a Review Feedback
Is it Helpful Article?YES12 Votes 16619 Views 0 Comment
Post a Comment

Though all possible measures have been taken to ensure accuracy, reliability, timeliness and authenticity of the information; Onlymyhealth assumes no liability for the same. Using any information of this website is at the viewers’ risk. Please be informed that we are not responsible for advice/tips given by any third party in form of comments on article pages . If you have or suspect having any medical condition, kindly contact your professional health care provider.