Diabetes is a chronic condition that involves persistent increase in the level of blood sugar. Naturally, the presence of this illness over the years would be associated with organ damages. A proper management of the disease can minimize the effects significantly and the impact can still be severe with time. For diabetics, it would be essential to know what major organs are affected by diabetes in the long run and take precautions accordingly.
The heart, in particular, and the cardiovascular system are among the first to be affected. Diabetes tends to increase lipids in blood that cause plaque such as deposits in the inner walls of the arteries carrying blood. This leads to the blocking of arteries, elevation of blood pressure etc that give rise to congestive heart failure. Therefore, cholesterol management is critical for patients suffering from chronic diabetes.
High blood sugar levels are also known to be responsible for the malfunction of the kidneys. As the kidneys are continually subject to the stress of filtering blood high in sugar, they become damaged, leaky and are unable to filter impurities effectively. High blood sugar levels also lead to ineffective bladder control in some men. This can be attributed to nerve spasms or nerve damage associated with the urinary bladder. In certain cases, diabetes in men also leads to erectile dysfunction. Therefore, the entire genitourinary system gets adversely affected.
Diabetes also affects the nervous system causing numbness, tingling and weakness in the hands and legs. This could bring about the inability of the body to sweat properly along with complete loss of muscular function.
Diabetes can also cause damage to vision. The increase in eye pressure may cause glaucoma. Similarly, the leakage in blood vessels of the eye may also lead to a loss of vision. Sometimes, scar tissues may form as a result of damage in blood vessels leading to further complications.
Diabetes is also considered to be responsible for dry rashes, peeling and cracking of skin, foot ulcers etc. In case of very poor circulation, wounds would take a long time to heal and may lead to gangrenes resulting in amputation.
So, what major organs are affected by diabetes? The kidneys, the heart, the genital system, eyes, skin and the circulatory system would be most prone to a diabetic attack, especially if it’s chronic in nature.
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