Testicular cancer, in many cases, is discovered by the patient either by chance or when the person does self-examination of testis for lumps. Many cases are diagnosed by a doctor while examining the person for some other problem such as during a routine physical exam , ultrasound test or biopsy for diagnosis of infertility. If a lump or growth is detected or you have any other symptoms suggestive of testicular carcinoma, your doctor may recommend tests to determine whether the lump is testicular cancer or not.
These are some tests that are done if testicular cancer is suspected. Your doctor will recommend other tests, if needed.
Staging of cancer
If testicular cancer is diagnosed by tests, your doctor will try to determine the extent, or stage of your cancer. Staging of cancer is done using imaging procedures (such as CT scan and MRI scan), blood tests and other lab tests. CT scan (computed tomography scan) is a painless and non-invasive test that takes a series of detailed pictures of the part of the body that is being examined. Both MRI and CT scan can show if the cancerous growth has involved the regional lymph nodes and other nearby structures. Staging is done to determine the extent of disease (size and spread of cancer) as it is needed to decide the treatment and predict the prognosis.