Polio is diagnosed on the basis of history and clinical presentation. To confirm the diagnosis, your doctor will do tests.
Medical history: Some questions that your doctor may ask include:
Physical exam: During physical exam, your doctor will look for neurological signs and symptoms of polio such as limb weakness or paralysis (it is usually asymmetrical i.e. one side of the body may be affected more), muscle reflexes, swallowing or breathing problems, abnormal muscle contractions and decreased muscle tone.
Lab tests for polio: Tests are done to confirm polio. Some tests that are done to confirm polio infection include:
Differential diagnosis: Your doctor may do tests to rule out other medical conditions that can cause similar symptoms before making a polio diagnosis. Some other medical conditions that may have similar symptoms include:
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