As it is common with the two types of diabetes (type 1 and type 2), type 2 diabetes also has several health complications. Although, it may be difficult to diagnose type 2 diabetes in the beginning, it poses several health problems to different organs as it progresses to a later stage. The complications, however, can be prevented by managing the blood sugar levels. Some of the complications that type 2 diabetes causes include:
Neuropathy or Damage to the Nerves
An excess of sugar can harm the walls of the tiny blood vessels or capillaries that foster the nerves. The harm is usually felt in the form of numbness, tingling, pain or burning at the tip of the fingers or toes, which gradually spreads to the rest of the body. If shooting blood sugar is not controlled properly, it may cause the nerves to lose any sensation that is left and lead to permanent numbness. If the nerves that affect digestion are affected, the diabetic may experience vomiting, nausea, constipation or diarrhea.
Damage to the Eyes
Type 2 diabetics may experience problems pertaining to vision as the increasing blood sugar levels can cause severe damage to the retina. Improper control of blood sugar levels may lead to severe vision complications such as glaucoma and cataracts.
Damage to the Feet
Considering that the nerves end in the feet, diabetics are likely to experience feet problems more than problems pertaining to other parts of the body. Nerve damage or the lack of blood flow to the feet can increase the risk of foot complications. If blisters or cuts are left untreated, they can transcend into severe infections. If a severe infection is beyond treatment, it can lead to toe, foot or leg amputation.
Damage to the Skin and Mouth
Owing to the fact that blood flow to different parts of the body is slow in diabetics, the lack of white and red blood cells near the skin and mouth can lead to bacterial and fungal infections. Mouth problems due to poor oral hygiene are common among people, though a diabetic is more likely to develop gum infections because of the lack of infection-fighting cells near the mouth.
Damage to Memory
Type 2 diabetics are likely to suffer from Alzheimer’s disease or dementia. The poorer the management of blood sugar levels is, the greater is the risk of developing memory problems. A lack of insulin in the brain can lead to a lack of glucose in the brain cells.
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