Summer is already in and so is the threat of developing summer diseases. While it may be time for people to sit back and enjoy the sunny days, it is important that certain precautions be taken to keep health problems away. Here are some of the most common diseases in summer.
So much for its egregious spell, sunburn can hinder our daily routines. Sunburn refers to the burn caused to a living tissue such as the skin due to overexposure to ultraviolet radiation. Some of the symptoms of sub burn include a red or reddish skin, mild dizziness and fatigue. If sun burn is common or is further exposed to the UV rays, it may cause skin cancer. To protect yourself from sunburn, apply a sun screen lotion on the exposed areas of your body 20 minutes before heading out in the sun.
Heat stroke is another common summer disease, which if left untreated can be fatal. Some of the symptoms of heat strokes include difficulty in breathing, rapid pulse, high body temperature, confusion etc. You can control the effects of being less outdoors, especially between 11 a.m. and 4 p.m. Must you go out in the sun between 11 a.m. and 4 p.m., wear clothes that cover your body; use a stole or shawl to cover your face.
Prickly heat refers to red rashes that occur due to an excess of humidity and heat. Prickly heat may be caused by clogging of the sweat glands. You can relieve prickly heat by applying cornstarch or prickly heat powder on areas that show signs of prickly heat or in and around places that are likely to sweat more than the rest of the body. If the symptoms persist despite treatment, consult a doctor immediately.
Owing to excessive heat in summer, the food can spoil quickly. To prevent the risk of food poisoning, put the leftover food inside the refrigerator. Food must be well-cooked to ensure that it doesn’t get spoiled. When purchasing raw vegetables and fruits, ensure that the packaging doesn’t have bubbles on the top of the fruits or vegetables as that is a sign of spoilage. Also, make sure that the food doesn’t smell bad before purchasing.
Because food gets spoilt quickly, diarrhoea is common in summer. Eating contaminated food and unsafe drinking habits can lead to diarrhoea. To keep away from diarrhoea, make sure that you drink water only after boiling it and wash vegetables thoroughly before and after slicing them.
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