The levels of Vitamin D and haemoglobin in children seem to be directly proportional to each other. Low haemoglobin levels were recorded in children with low vitamin D, compared with their non-anaemic counterparts.
Researchers observed that when children suffer from mild vitamin D deficiency, i.e. vitamin D levels below 30 nano grams per litre (ng/ml), there is a sharp spike in their risk of developing anaemia. This risk can be up to double against in those with normal vitamin D levels.
The researchers alerted that the results are not proof of cause and effect. The investigators said several mechanisms could account for the link between vitamin D and anaemia, including vitamin D's effects on red blood cell production in the bone marrow, as well as its ability to regulate immune inflammation, a known catalyst of anaemia.
While the investigators were studying the interplay between anaemia and vitamin D by race, they observed an interesting difference. Higher rates of anaemia were recorded in black children as compared to whites (14 per cent v/s 2 per cent). Considerable overall lower levels of vitamin D were also recorded in black children.
But black children stayed far from the risk of anaemia until their vitamin D levels dropped far lower than those of white children. The racial difference in vitamin D levels and anemia suggests that current therapeutic targets for preventing or treating these conditions may warrant a further look, the researchers said.
"The clear racial variance we saw in our study should serve as a reminder that what we may consider a pathologically low level in some may be perfectly adequate in others, which raises some interesting questions about our current one-size-fits-all approach to treatment and supplementation," said lead investigator Meredith Atkinson, a pediatric kidney specialist at the Johns Hopkins Children's Center.
The study was published in the Journal of Pediatrics.
Read more Health News.
Though all possible measures have been taken to ensure accuracy, reliability, timeliness and authenticity of the information; Onlymyhealth assumes no liability for the same. Using any information of this website is at the viewers’ risk. Please be informed that we are not responsible for advice/tips given by any third party in form of comments on article pages . If you have or suspect having any medical condition, kindly contact your professional health care provider.