Cervical bleeding refers to the kind of bleeding that originates from the cervix and is one of the most common symptoms of cervical cancer. Vaginal bleeding that a woman experiences as part of cervical cancer is referred to as abnormal vaginal bleeding in which spotting or heavier bleedings takes place between periods. Such bleeding may be noted after sexual intercourse of during or after douching.
Most abnormal vaginal bleeds are caused due to abnormalities such as that of vaginal atrophy, uterine fibroids, pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis or ovarian cysts.
Only less commonly is vaginal bleeding caused by endometrial cancer or cervix. Women, who experience spotting soon after sexual intercourse, are checked for colon polyps, cervicitis, vaginal atrophy and finally, cervical cancer.
Vaginal bleeding in cervical cancer may also be due to the use of contraceptives. Contraceptives can break through bleedings.
Although, it may not sound quite obvious, obesity is sometimes the culprit of vaginal bleeding in women with cervical cancer. Obese women produce high levels of estrogen, which can pave way to the development of endometrial hyperplasia, which can cause bleeding.
Apart from vaginal bleeding in women with cervical cancer, other symptoms of the disease include:
Heavier vaginal bleeding: as the cancer grows, the undetected vaginal bleeding grows into heavier bleeding that may be a sign of an advanced stage of the cancer disease.
Pelvic Pain: A woman with cervical cancer will experience persistent pain in the pelvic region, which is not linked to menstruation or physical activity. Pelvic pain may range from a dull and constant ache to one that is sharp and long-lasting i.e. from a few minutes to several hours. A woman with cervical cancer may also experience pain during or soon after sexual intercourse.
Leg Pain: if the tumour in the cervix has grown big, it will put pressure on the uterus, nerves and pelvic wall, thereby causing pain to the leg. Swelling in one or either of the legs can also occur if the lymph nodes as well as the blood vessels are blocked.
Lower back pain: a woman with cervical cancer will experience back pain that can be caused when the tumour advances to a higher stage.
If you experience any of these symptoms and have never experienced them before, it is perhaps time to consult a doctor. Early diagnosis is key to better life expectancy.
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