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Causes of Adult-Onset Diabetes

By  ,  Onlymyhealth editorial team
Jan 09, 2012
4.8 / 5(4 Ratings)

Causes of Adult Onset DiabetesAdult onset diabetes or Type 2 Diabetes occurs in adults when the body reduces the amount of insulin produced or resists insulin. Ault-Onset diabetes may be caused by several factors such as blood pressure, weight, diet, ethnicity, diet etc.


Insulin resistance


When food is eaten, the digestive process breaks the particles down; the particles then flow into the bloodstream and are converted to usable energy by insulin. Insulin transports the glucose from the blood to the cells of the body. If there is a lack of insulin or it is not effectively utilized, the individual is known to be undergoing a medical condition called hyperglycemia or high blood sugar. The pancreas reacts to this process by initiating the production of more insulin, but the impaired cells fail to do so. Hyperglycemia that stays for a prolonged period becomes diabetes.

Blood pressure


High blood pressure will give rise to resistance to insulin, which can thereby, cause adult-onset diabetes. The normal blood pressure in individuals is 130/85.


Weight


Being obese or overweight can cause the insulin to not work as required; thereby, sending the glucose levels on an overdrive. The pancreas eventually stops working efficiently.


Diet


Consumption of a diet that is poor in nutrients or without the necessary amount of vegetables as should be included can cause the insulin levels to fluctuate. It is, therefore, important that an individual consumes a moderate amount of a variety of food items and keeps a regular eating schedule.


Lifestyle


The lifestyle of an individual plays an important role in the development of diabetes. Consuming high amount of alcohol and not exercising enough exposes a person to the risk of developing adult-onset diabetes.


Ethnicity


Ethnicity of an individual plays an important role in the development of adult-onset diabetes. Asians are at a higher risk of developing the disease than any other ethnicity.


Resistance to insulin


When food is eaten, the digestive process breaks the particles down; the particles then flow into the bloodstream and are converted to usable energy by insulin. Insulin transports the glucose from the blood to the cells of the body. If there is a lack of insulin or it is not effectively utilized, the individual is known to be undergoing a medical condition called hyperglycemia or high blood sugar. The pancreas reacts to this process by initiating the production of more insulin, but the impaired cells fail to do so. Hyperglycemia that stays for a prolonged period becomes diabetes.

 

 

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