Candidiasis - Get information and read articles on Candidiasis signs, symptoms, causes, treatment, prevention and diagnosis at onlymyhealth.com, your complete health guide.
Candida infection can be diagnosed clinically i.e. by visual inspection without laboratory tests in most cases. For vaginal yeast infection, your doctor will do a complete gynaecologic exam. If yeast infection is suspected, vaginal swab sample or any other sample (oral scraping, scraping from skin etc) is examined with added potassium hydroxide under the microscope to look for candida. On microscopic examination, if candida is present, a specific branching pattern may be seen. In people with a weak immune system, additional tests such as blood and urinary culture and catheter tip culture, CT scan or MRI scan of the brain may be done.
In healthy people with superficial candidiasis (vaginal candidiasis, oral thrush, skin and diaper rash), the infection gets cured with proper treatment and the infection goes away without leaving permanent damage. It is unlikely to recur if you are healthy and well nourished. In people with chronic illnesses or a weak immune system, recurrent candida infection can occur and the infections may be more resistant to treatment. Blood infection with candida or infection of the internal organ has to be treated promptly to have the best prognosis.
Candida is a common type of yeast infection, which can occur both in healthy people (children and adults) and people with weak immune systems. Candida infection commonly causes vaginal infection, oral thrush and diaper rash. A person with oral thrush (or oral candidiasis), should consult the doctor for treatment. Individuals with vaginal infection, rash or diaper rash should visit the doctor if the condition worsens when using over-the-counter medications or the lesions do not clear in 1-2 weeks. In people with weak immune system, candida can cause systemic infection. Any form of candidiasis in a person with weak immune system needs a visit to the doctor.
Candidiasis is a type of fungal infection caused by yeast like fungus called candida. In most healthy people superficial infections such as vaginal yeast infection, oral thrush and skin and diaper rash respond well to treatment (sometimes a single dose) and are cured within a few days. Nail bed infection needs long term treatment for cure. People with weak immune system may experience recurrent candida infection. Prompt and aggressive treatment is needed to control the infection in these people. If the infection has spread to blood or internal organs (such as gastrointestinal tract, oesophagus, brain) IV medications (such as amphotericin) are given at the hospital. The response to treatment, however, cannot be predicted as some people may need long term treatment to cure the infection and some may still develop complications or die.
Candida can cause infection in any part of the body. Signs and symptoms vary depending on the location of the infection. Vaginal infection can cause abnormal white discharge that is thick and often described as having a cottage cheese appearance. Other symptoms that may occur include itching or burning in the vaginal area, dysuria or pain while urinating, pain or discomfort during sexual intercourse etc. Oral thrush causes creamy, yellow-white or red lesion inside the mouth (tongue, palate, or elsewhere inside the mouth) which can be painful. Skin infection with candida will have the skin appearing red and may cause itching or pain. In immune-compromised people, infection of the oesophagus (esophagitis) can cause painful ulcers that make swallowing painful. If the infection involves the intestines, food may not be absorbed well. Infection of the brain with candida may cause acute changes in mental function or behaviour.
Candida is present in the mouth, stomach and vagina of healthy people, but it does not cause infections. Candidiasis occurs due to overgrowth of candida. Women are at a higher risk of yeast infections than men. Vaginal yeast infections can be avoided by wearing cotton underwear, maintaining good genital hygiene, avoiding the use of scented powders, scented tampons, panty liner and douches. People, who wear dentures, should ensure to clean them thoroughly after each use. To avoid diaper rashes in children, frequent diaper changes and use of rash-barrier creams can help. Avoid prolonged use of antibiotics and do not take them without your doctor’s advice.
Candida infections (such as vaginal candidiasis, oral thrush and diaper and skin rash) in most healthy people can be treated at home with antifungal medications (such as miconazole, tioconazole, clotrimazole, and butoconazole) available as over-the-counter or prescription medications. Oral thrush in children should always be treated by a doctor. Pregnant women with candida infection should consult a doctor before using any antifungal treatment. Candida infections in an immune-compromised person (person with weak immune system) should be treated by a doctor. If the infection is superficial or mild, it may be treated with medications prescribed by the doctor at home, but more serious infections may need IV medications given at the hospital.
Candidiasis is an infection caused by a group of microscopic yeast-like fungi called candida.Candida albicans is the most common type of candida, which causes infection in human beings. The fungi are normal inhabitants on all surfaces of our body. Superficial infection such as vaginal yeast infection, oral thrush, diaper rash, skin rash and nail bed infections are few common types of infection in healthy people. Recurrent yeast infection may be suggestive of more serious diseases such as diabetes, leukaemia or AIDS. In people with a weak immune system apart from the superficial infections, systemic infection or infections of various internal organs can occur. Candida infection responds well to treatment in healthy people, but the infections in immune-compromised people can progress rapidly and cause serious infections.