Ovarian cysts are tiny sacs that appear like bubbles and are often noticed when an ultrasound of the ovary is done. Most often, they are considered to be harmless. However, in certain cases, they might cause pain, rupturing and resultant vaginal bleeding; leading to complications. Cysts in the ovary could occur in women of all ages. They are generally not a part of any disease process. In most cases, they are considered to be benign outgrowths not amounting to any sort of cancerous infection.
Ovarian cysts can be of various types. The most common and benign forms are known as functional cysts. Cysts which generally give rise to bleeding are called haemorrhagic cysts. The facts listed below will help in understanding the cause of bleeding better.
A haemorrhagic cyst develops when a blood vessels located on the wall of an existent cyst breaks. This blood spills into the cyst and it can continue to swell at a faster pace as a result of this leakage.
As a result of excessive swelling of the cyst, the ovarian walls are stretched. Therefore, a great deal of pain may be felt especially on the right side of the abdomen.
In certain cases, haemorrhagic ovarian cysts can give rise to clots. These clots can lead to further complications by causing obstructions in the blood flow. Blood clots can lead to significant discomfort and might also damage the ovaries.
In certain isolated cases, a haemorrhagic cyst might rupture and the blood might flow into the abdominal cavity. This blood could also pass out as vaginal discharge is some cases.
In most cases, haemorrhagic ovarian cysts would be potentially harmless and would shrink on their own. Invasive procedures are normally not advised in such cases. If the pain is too much and happens to be disrupting your normal life, the doctor might suggest medications for taking care of the discomfort till the cysts shrink on their own.
In case surgical procedures are required, a non invasive laparoscopic surgery is opted for to remove them.
Ovarian cysts are often detected as a part of a routine check up. However, once their presence has been confirmed, neglecting associated signs and symptoms if any, can prove to be potentially hazardous. You need to inform your doctor about any abnormalities that you might experience. Remember, ovarian cysts should be monitored on a regular basis and care should be administered as and when required.
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