In a recent public health report has redefined life expectancy starting from the time of conception instead of the time of birth; the World Bank has been made a move to go for this change is calculation. This is because an individual who is unborn has been found to be susceptible to risks inside the mother’s womb.
The International Public Health experts said that the present definition of World Bank’s key poverty indicator omits risks to the foetus and is also unfair to children who are born in areas at risk to disasters and have the disadvantage of poverty, hunger and social deprivation.
The World Health Organization has estimated that there are 200 million plus conceptions globally each year, and these are mostly among disadvantaged groups in disadvantaged areas. The first nine months for someone between the conception and the birth are vulnerable to risks, which are more than medical. It involves employment, agriculture, security, energy and climate risks, but all of these have been ignored till now in the UN disaster and climate change discourse.
Therefore, it is certainly important to consider these nine months in order to prevent global toll and also to reduce the risks attached with an unborn infant.
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