More than a million people across the globe wake up half exhausted in the morning, yawn a hundred times throughout the day and always think twice before getting up from their seats and couches to get a bottle of water filled. More than a million people across the globe suffer from chronic fatigue syndrome. What is that?
Chronic fatigue syndrome refers to a group of medical conditions that are characterised by extreme fatigue, the cause of which just cannot be ruled out. The fatigue may worsen as one tries to do some sort of physical or mental activity, though it does not improve even after the patient has taken ample rest.
There are certain factors that increase or decrease ones chances of suffering from chronic fatigue syndrome. If you want to know if you are at risk, read on.
According to a population-based case-control study published in the journal of Women’s Health, chronic fatigue syndrome affects disproportionately more women compared with men and the condition is more likely to occur at perimenopause than in any other stage of physical health. Even though, researchers have not been able to tell why exactly women are more susceptible to the disease, they say that it could be because of gender-specific differences or hormones.
When several members in the family suffer from chronic fatigue syndrome, those related also fall prey to the disease. Researchers in their studies have found a link between CFS in a patient and CFS in the medical history of his/her family.
Higher stress levels can trigger the development of chronic fatigue syndrome. This is because the constant release of the stress hormone may keep the brain and the body working at all times without pausing for rest.
People who are in their 40s or 50s are more likely to suffer from chronic fatigue syndrome than children or young adult. But, this does not mean that younger people are not at risk at all. As per standard treatment and statistics, the risk of CFS is much lower in younger children and increases as one becomes older.
There are certain types of infections that have been said to trigger chronic fatigue syndrome in both men as well as women. These infections include the following:
• Epstein-Barr virus infection, which is also referred to as mononucleosis.
• Enterovirus infection, a certain type of virus that gets in the body through the gastrointestinal track and may or may not have any symptoms. Some of the symptoms that may be experienced include mild flu-like symptoms.
• Candida albicans, a fungus that leads to yeast infections.
• Rubells, viral infection that is also referred to as German measles.
• Mycoplasma, which causes Q fever.
• Human retrovirus infection such as HIV.
While there is no scientific evidence to prove that chronic fatigue syndrome is caused by nutritional deficiency, it is said that it could possibly be a cause for the same. A balanced diet is favourable to general health and well-being and is expected to help any person who is suffering from chronic illness.
It is important to note that while these are the most common risk factors for chronic fatigue syndrome, it is possible that the cause for CFS in a person is because of another factor. Also, belonging to a certain age group or gender does not imply that you will have CFS.
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