• Adrenal insufficiency is a disorder that occurs when the adrenal glands do not produce enough of certain hormones.
• Primary adrenal insufficiency, also called Addison’s disease, occurs when the adrenal glands are damaged and cannot produce enough of the hormone cortisol and often the hormone aldosterone.
• Secondary adrenal insufficiency occurs when the pituitary gland fails to produce enough adrenocorticotropin (ACTH), a hormone that stimulates the adrenals to produce cortisol. If ACTH output is too low, cortisol production drops.
• The most common symptoms of adrenal insufficiency are chronic, worsening fatigue; muscle weakness; loss of appetite; and weight loss.
• Adrenal insufficiency is most often diagnosed through blood or urine tests. Imaging studies such as x rays, ultrasound, computerized tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may also be used.
• Treatment of adrenal insufficiency involves replacing, or substituting, the hormones that the adrenal glands are not making.
• People with adrenal insufficiency should always carry identification stating their condition in case of an emergency.
Read more articles on Adrenal Insufficiency
Adrenal insufficiency is an endocrine—or hormonal—disorder that occurs when the adrenal glands do not produce enough of certain hormones.read more
Adrenal Insufficiency: The gradual destruction of the adrenal cortex, the outer layer of the adrenal glands, by the body’s immune system causes up to 80 percent of Addison’s disease cases.read more